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Author Guidelines

Journal conventions

Use common names of animals and plants, giving scientific names in italics on first mention. Generally refer to animals in the plural form (i.e. rhinos, elephants).

Use British spelling, following the latest edition of the Concise Oxford Dictionary or the Oxford English Dictionary, using ‘z’ instead of ‘s’ in words like ‘recognize’, ‘organization’, ‘immobilized’; but ‘analyse’, ‘paralyse’. The dictionary is available online at

Use International System of Units for measurement (m, km, g, ha, h) with a space between the numeral and the unit of measurement. Give measurements in figures, for example 12 mm, 1 km, 3 ha, except at the beginning of a sentence.
Spell out numbers under 10 if not a unit of measurement unless the number is part of a series containing numbers 10 or over, for example: 14 adult males, 23 adult females and 3 juveniles. In the text, write four-digit numbers without a comma; use a comma as the separator for figures four digits or more: 1,750 and 11,750. The separator will be a full stop in French papers.

We use the name-year method of citing and listing references. The punctuation and typographic style are as advocated by the internationally recognised Council of Science Editors in its Scientific style and format, 7th edition.
In the text, cite a single author: '(X 2010) or 'X (2010),cite two authors: ‘(X and Y 2010)’ or ‘X and Y (2010)’; cite more than two authors ‘(X et al., 2010)’ or ‘X et al. (2010)’. Note that there is no comma between the author(s) and the year. If multiple works are being cited, separate them by a semi-colon listing them in chronological order: (X et al., 2010; Y 2012; Z 2005).
In the reference list, punctuation is minimised. Examples are drawn from previous issues of Pachyderm.
Please see the IUCN Style Manual, for a detailed
description and examples of reference citation. The manual is available to download at http://cmsdata.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g.,
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review) have been followed.

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Views expressed in Pachyderm are those of the individual authors, and do not necessarily reflect those of IUCN, the Species Survival Commission or any of the three Specialist Groups responsible for producing Pachyderm (namely the African Elephant Specialist Group, the African Rhino Specialist Group and the Asian Rhino Specialist Group).